Main Symptoms of osteoporosis and Cause

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Symptoms of osteoporosis, such as bone pain or fractures, usually arise after the age of 45, being more common in women after menopause and in men after 65 years of age.

What Causes Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by decreased bone strength, increasing the risk of fractures, mainly in the vertebrae of the thigh bone and wrist; however, it can occur anywhere in the body. Main osteoporosis symptoms are different but it can be actually find out by Doctor.

Causes of Osteoporosis

The main cause of osteoporosis is the decrease in bone density that occurs during the natural aging process, and is more common in women after menopause. However, there are other causes such as:
Cigar and alcoholism;
Frequent falls;
Little physical activity;
Low calcium diet;
BMI <19 Kg / m2;
Take medications such as corticosteroids.

Other diseases that can also cause osteoporosis are malnutrition, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, renal failure and anorexia nervosa. Osteoporosis treatment is very necessary on time.

Symptoms and signs of osteoporosis are:

Pain in bones and joints;
Bone fragility that increases the risk of fractures;
Frequent fractures, mainly in the vertebrae of the spine and femur ;
Diminution of height 2 to 3 cms;
Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra;
Stooping posture with drooping shoulders.

Treatment for osteoporosis

The treatment is done to avoid fractures and must be done throughout life, these are:
Use medications prescribed by the doctor.
Eat calcium-rich foods such as milk, cheese and yogurt daily.
Avoid the consumption of alcohol and caffeine;
Avoid the cigarette;
Practice physical activities such as walking or dancing, at least 3 times a week;
Ingest a calcium and vitamin D supplement daily, under the doctor's instructions.

In some cases, the doctor may indicate the use of hip protectors, since fractures in the hip and femur is common, accompanied by physiotherapy to strengthen the muscles and increase mobility.

In addition to this, to avoid falls that may result in fractures due to the weakness of the bones, it is important to walk slowly, use closed shoes adapted to the foot and choose dirt or grass streets without gaps or unevenness.

Risk factor's

Some risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis are:

Gender,Because women are more likely to develop osteoporosis, due to the lack of sex hormones that occurs after menopause weakening bones;

Age, the older the age, the more risk there is of developing osteoporosis;

The race, the risk of developing this disease is greater in white people or being Asian descent

Family history

Individuals with family history of close relatives with osteoporosis increase the risk of suffering it;
Thyroid problems, the increase of thyroid hormones can cause bone loss;

Nutritional factors such as individuals with low calcium intake, eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, or gastrointestinal surgeries such as gastric bypass.

So to prevent this disease is important to perform regular physical activity such as running, walking, cycling, 3 times a week for 60 minutes. You can also do resistance exercises like lifting weights, for example. It is also important to maintain a balanced diet including foods rich in calcium and vitamin D, the latter being important so that calcium can be efficiently absorbed in the intestine. Diminish smoking, limit alcohol consumption are also ways to prevent osteoporosis, always implementing healthy lifestyle habits.
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