What Is Osteoporosis and What Causes Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis causes the bones to weaken, so that a fall or even a slight tension such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Fractures related to osteoporosis usually occur in the hips, wrists and spine.

What Is Osteoporosis

Bones are living tissues that are broken and replaced constantly. What Is Osteoporosis is a common question and it occurs when the generation of new bones is slower than the removal of old bones.

Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. However, white and Asian women (particularly older and menopausal women) are more at risk. Certain medications, a healthy diet, and exercises that include lifting weights can help prevent bone loss and strengthen weak bones.

Osteoporosis is due to a decrease in bone mass, but usually does not present symptoms, and is almost always discovered when a fracture occurs. Know the causes, the risk factors, and how you can prevent their appearance.
Throughout life, as bone is destroyed, new bone is formed, maintaining a balance. This process is called bone remodelling. From the third decade, the remodelling process changes, and the formation of new bone becomes slower, so that a decrease in bone mass occurs naturally. When this loss of bone mass becomes more severe, osteoporosis occurs.

What Causes Osteoporosis, or rather, several factors that favour its appearance?

Aging: advanced age, by itself, produces a decrease in the amount of bone, so that anyone can suffer it. The risk is higher after 50 years.
Weight: a BMI of less than 19 increases the risk of osteoporosis, since it has a direct relationship with bone density.
Genetic factors: there are genes related to the development of bone mass, so that the incidence of the disease is higher in those whose direct relatives have a previous history of fractures (parents or grandparents).
Diet low in calcium: calcium is a fundamental food in bone formation. It is found mostly in milk and dairy products such as cheeses, yoghurts, etc., and also in other foods such as blue fish and nuts.
Female sex: women are four times more likely than men to develop osteoporosis, especially after menopause.
This is due to the reduction in the number of estrogens (female hormones involved in the formation of bone mass) in this stage, which favors a decrease in bone remodelling. It is more likely to suffer osteoporosis if the menopause occurs before 40 years (early menopause), due for example to the surgical removal of both ovaries and when menstruation is absent (called amenorrhea)) in athletes, or in cases of anorexia nervosa due to significant weight loss. In addition, women have a longer life expectancy than men and, in general, their amount of bone mass is lower (especially in excessively thin women).
Race: more frequent in Caucasians and Asians.
Some pathologies: there are diseases that can trigger osteoporosis, such as hyperthyroidism or Cushing's syndrome .
Prolonged immobilization: either due to illness or a sedentary lifestyle. Exercise is one of the stimuli for bone formation.
Some medications: for example the prolonged use of steroids, corticosteroids, antiepileptic drugs or thyroid drugs.
Excess tobacco, alcohol or coffee.
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  1. Damian's Avatar
    I recommend carefully choosing medicines. Modern medicine often shows serious side effects in tests. It's very easy to replace a part of such drugs with natural herbal preparations - This remedy handles pain and inflammation remarkably well. Using natural medicines will significantly reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
  2. chloegallagher's Avatar
    Osteoporosis is a bone disease that has to do with low bone mass and bone tissue loss. This may lead to having weak and fragile bones. It can be caused by the imbalance between new bones and old resorption. You body can't form new bones properly or too much of the old bones are being reabsorbed.
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  4. Denny Bohler's Avatar
    Osteoporosis is a disease in which a weakening of the bone increases the risk of bone fracture. This is the most common cause of broken bones among older people. Bones that usually break include the vertebrae in the spine, the bones of the forearm, and thighs. Until a bone fracture occurs, symptoms are usually absent. Bones can weaken to such an extent that the fracture can occur with little stress or spontaneously. Chronic pain and decreased ability to perform normal activities can occur after a bone fracture. If you need more interesting articles, please visit site.

    Osteoporosis can be caused by less than usual maximum bone mass and greater than usual bone loss. Bone loss increases after menopause due to a decrease in estrogen levels. Osteoporosis can also occur due to a number of diseases or treatments, including alcoholism, anorexia, hyperthyroidism, kidney disease, and surgical removal of the ovaries. Some drugs increase the rate of bone loss, including some birth control drugs, chemotherapy, proton pump inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and glucocorticosteroids. Smoking and too little exercise are also risk factors. Osteoporosis is defined as bone density 2.5 standard deviations lower than that of a young person. This is usually measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry.

    Prevention of osteoporosis includes a proper diet in childhood and efforts to avoid taking medications that increase the rate of bone loss. Efforts to prevent bone fracture in people with osteoporosis include proper nutrition, exercise, and the prevention of falls. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking and quitting alcohol can help. Bisphosphonate preparations are useful for those who have previously had bone fractures due to osteoporosis. In patients with osteoporosis, but without previous fractures, they are less effective. A number of other medicines may also be helpful.

    Osteoporosis is becoming more common with age. About 15% of Caucasians aged 50 to 70% of them are over 80 years old. This is more common in women than in men. In developed countries, depending on the diagnostic method, from 2% to 8% of men and from 9% to 38% of women suffer. The incidence rate in developing countries is unclear. About 22 million women and 5.5 million men in the European Union had osteoporosis in 2010. In the United States in 2010, about eight million women and one to two million men had osteoporosis. White and Asian people are at greater risk. The word “osteoporosis” comes from the Greek term “porous bones”.
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